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Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) in China by month January 2021

In January 2021, the Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) in China resided at about 51.3 percent. An indicator of the economic health of the manufacturing sector, the PMI is based on five major indicators: new orders, inventory levels, production, supplier deliveries, and the employment environment. An index value above 50 percent indicates a positive development in the industrial sector, whereas a value below 50 percent indicates a negative situation.

The PMI as a major economic indicator

The Purchasing Managers' Index was first introduced by the US-based Institute of Supply Management in 1948. It has become one of the most widely used and closely watched indicators of business activities worldwide. The PMI is not only an apt indicator for manufacturing growth, it also supports interest rate decisions of central bank institutions. PMI figures around the globe were dominated by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. In the Euro area, the PMI recovered from a considerable drop in April 2020, regaining pre-crisis level in June. In the United States, the monthly PMI indicated an even better improvement from low values in April and March.

Recent PMI development in China

As is shown in the graph at hand, the PMI of China as the world’s second-largest economy hovered between 49.2 and 50.5 index points during 2019, but dropped considerably in February 2020 due to the pandemic. In March, the index indicated a striking rebound and since then ranged at a level slightly above 50 index points. The non-manufacturing PMI in China displayed a similar development in the first half of 2020.

Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) in China from January 2020 to January 2021

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Release date

January 2021



Survey time period

January 2020 to January 2021

Special properties

seasonally adjusted

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Statistics on "Key economic indicators of China"

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