Monthly Consumer Price Index (CPI) in China by region January 2021

A regional breakdown of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) in China reveals considerable variations across different regions. In January 2021, Hainan province displayed a CPI of about 98 points, whereas the CPI in Tibet reached 100.7 points.

Consumer price development in China

The Consumer Price Index measures the average changes over time in the price level of a market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by consumers. It is closely related to the inflation rate. The consumer inflation rate is derived from the annual percentage increase of the CPI. After 2011, China experienced a slight decrease in domestic inflation. Between 2014 and 2018, the annual inflation rate ranged at around two percent or lower. In 2019, inflation increased again to 2.9 percent and is forcast to remain at around 2.6 in the coming years. Monthly inflation rates peaked at 5.4 percent in January 2020 but fell considerably during the coronavirus pandemic and reached negative values in November 2020.

Regional and sectoral inflation rates

In recent years, inflation rates in the largest cities and developed regions often remained below those in developing regions in the inner provinces. The CPI in rural regions was on average slightly higher than in urban areas. The CPI of food, tobacco and liquor in China ranged among the highest during 2020 - mainly driven by rising pork and meat prices, whereas the transportation and communication’s CPI was one of the lowest.

Monthly Consumer Price Index (CPI) in China in January 2021, by region

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Release date

February 2021



Survey time period

as of January 2021

Supplementary notes

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the "Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an index measuring changes over time in the price level of consumer goods and services purchased by residents, which comprehensively reflects the changes of price level. Consumer Price Index (CPI) covers the prices of goods and services of eight categories and 262 basic divisions which cover the living consumption of urban and rural residents, including food; tobacco, liquor and articles; clothing; household facilities, articles and maintenance services; health care and personal articles; transportation and communication; recreation, education, culture articles and services and residence. Data are collected from 63,000 price collection units in 500 cities and counties of the 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), which cover grocery stores, department stores, supermarkets, convenience stores, professional markets, franchise houses, shopping centers, open fairs and service consuming units etc."

The source does not provide a release date. The date given is the date of data access.

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Statistics on "Consumer Price Index and inflation rate in China"

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