Largest derivatives exchanges worldwide 2019, by volume

The National Stock Exchange of India overtook the CME Group to become the largest derivatives exchange in the world in 2019. Mumbai-based NSE traded 5.96 trillion contracts in 2019 to CME Group's 4.83 trillion. A derivative is a financial instrument that is based on an underlying asset, such as an equity, commodity, or currency. It can be traded over-the-counter or on an exchange. The most common types of derivatives are futures, options, forwards and swaps.

How large is the derivative market?

There are billions of derivatives traded globally every year. The largest markets for derivatives trading are Asia Pacific and North America. Currency options and futures alone contribute hundreds of millions of dollars in volume to the largest exchanges. Much of this volume is due to large corporations trying to hedge risk. For example, an international corporation may invest in a currency derivative to ensure that it can buy a particular currency at or below a certain price at some point in the future, protecting against an unfavorable shift in the exchange rate.

Largest derivatives exchanges worldwide in 2019, by number of contracts traded

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Release date

March 2020



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

Figures have been rounded.
*includes the Shanghai International Energy Exchange.
**includes India International Exchange.
***Tokyo Commodity Exchange became a subsidiary of Japan Exchange Group in October 2019.

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