The necessity to shift the global energetic matrix towards the use of renewable sources is one of the most pressing topics of the 21st century. Renewable sources are defined as resources that can be naturally renewed within a human lifetime, and they include energy generated by sunlight, wind, wood residues, waves, and geothermal heat. Due to its favorable climate, vast geography and abundant natural resources, Latin America stands out as a major player in the development of renewable energy.
Despite their growing importance, most Latin American countries still exhibit a considerable opportunity for development when it comes to renewable energy sources. In fact, renewable sources accounted for less than 17 percent of the primary energy supply in Mexico in 2018, and in Argentina, renewables comprised only 10 percent of primary energy generation that same year. Furthermore, countries like Brazil and Paraguay - which have the highest shares of renewables in domestic energy supply in the region – still heavily rely on large hydropower plants. The status of large hydropower as a renewable energy generation source, in turn, is under constant debate as a result of the high environmental impacts caused by their construction.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 34 most important statistics relating to "Renewable energy in Latin America".