In the last decade, electricity generation in Hong Kong has remained around the level of 35 to 40 TWh per year. Meanwhile, there has been a rise in the volume of electricity imported since 2008, along with a gradual decrease in import volume of coal products as Hong Kong also strives to cut down reliance on fossil fuel. Electricity covered for almost half of the final energy requirement in Hong Kong, whereas the other half consisted mostly of oil products.
As a metropolitan city with a population of over seven million, Hong Kong does not have any natural fossil fuel resources of its own. To meet the growing energy demand, Hong Kong relies mainly on imported oil and gas, and some electricity from mainland China. For instance, a minimum of two million metric tons of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and natural gas were imported to Hong Kong every year on average in the last decade, vast majority of which was imported from mainland China.