Diabetes in Canada and the U.S.
The death rate due to diabetes mellitus in Canada has fallen since 2000 from 21.8 per 100,000 population to 19 deaths per 100,000 population in 2016. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in Canada. In the United States, it was responsible for 21 deaths per 100,000 population in 2016, and caused almost 1.6 million deaths globally in 2016.
Diabetes mellitus is due to an insufficient production of insulin within the pancreas or a lack of response from the body to the insulin that is produced. The most common type of diabetes mellitus is type II diabetes, which accounts for over 90 percent of diabetes cases in the United States. Type II diabetes occurs when cells in the body are unresponsive to insulin and may lead to a decrease in insulin production as well.
One of the greatest problems with type II diabetes is that it can lead to many different complications such as some types of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and even amputations. This type of diabetes is largely associated with overweight and obese populations and those who are physically inactive. It is also considered a preventable disease by maintaining healthy diets and balanced lifestyles. Health care expenditures to treat diabetes in the United States was about 348 billion U.S. dollars as of 2017, and in comparison, China, a country with a lower diabetes incidence but a much larger population, expended about 110 billion U.S. dollars.