First time home buyers in the U.S. 2019, by age group

Over 85 percent of American home buyers aged 22 to 29 bought their first home in 2019, whereas only just over half of home buyers between 30 and 39 bought their first home in that year.

Gen Z and Millennial first-time buyers

It is no surprise that many Gen Z (born between 1996 and 2010) and Millennial (born between 1980 and 1995) home buyers are mostly first-time home buyers. These home buyers are in the early stages of their careers, or still studying in some cases, and often struggling to repay student debt, so they need to save for many years before they afford a down payment.

When do they sell?

These generations tend to stay in their first homes for several years, which means that the majority of home sellers are older than them. The share of income needed to afford a trade-up home is significantly lower than the money needed for a starter home. A trade-up home is a larger and more expensive home, which homeowners often buy after living in their starter home, or their first home, for several years. This progression generally happens when homeowners have climbed the career ladder and increased their incomes.

First time home buyers in the United States in 2019, by age group

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Release date

March 2020


United States

Survey time period

July 2019

Number of respondents

5,870 respondents

Special properties

Primary residence buyers; real estate purchased between July 2017 and June 2018

Method of interview

Online survey

Supplementary notes

Younger Gen Y/Millennials: 21 to 28 years
Older Gen Y/Millennials: 29 to 38 years
Gen Xers: 39 to 53 years
Younger Boomers: 54 to 63 years
Older Boomers: 64 to 72 years
Silent Generation: 73 to 93 years

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