Value of public health expenditure in India FY 2014-2018

India’s public health expenditure has been steadily rising over the last decade in order to cater to its growing population. In fiscal year 2018, the value of public health expenditure by states and union territories together amounted to around 1.58 trillion Indian rupees. This was estimated to be around 1.28 percent of the country’s GDP. In comparison, the United States’ budget estimates showed an outlay of over 17 percent of the GDP to public health expenditure in its fiscal year 2018.

When wealth decides health

Overall, India’s per capita expenditure on health amounted to over 1,600 Indian rupees that same year. However, this was an average estimate with some parts of the country focusing on health far more than others. For example, the larger and wealthier states like Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh spent between 120 to 180 billion rupees on health in fiscal year 2018; whereas north-eastern states which have historically been poorer and more remote, spent around three to six billion rupees on healthcare that year.

Private versus public

The low health expenditure by the government has led to a highly developed private health care sector. Private hospitals make up more than half of the country’s healthcare infrastructure, while private insurance is usually the norm for middle to upper class citizens. However, this is not to say that the government is not working towards its goal of universal healthcare by 2025. Various programs like the Ayushman Bharat and the National Health Mission have already showed some success by providing the common man with an alternative to exorbitant healthcare costs and treatments.

Value of public health expenditure in India from financial year 2014 to 2018

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Release date

March 2018



Survey time period

FY 2014 to FY 2018

Supplementary notes

Note: India's financial year starts in April and ends in March. For example, FY 2014 started in April 2013 and ended in March 2014.
One Indian rupee is equal to 0.014 U.S. dollars and 0.013 euros (as of March 2020).
Values have been rounded.

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