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States with highest public health expenditure in India FY 2018

The northern state of Uttar Pradesh in India spent around 190 billion Indian rupees on public health in financial year 2018. This was the highest that any state spent on healthcare when compared to other states in the country that year. The western state of Maharashtra ranked second with a little over 122 billion rupees public health expenditure, while the state of Jharkhand had the lowest expenditure at around 31 billion rupees.

State governments responsible for public healthcare

State governments had a lion’s share of around 63 percent in the total public health expenditure in India, compared to around 37 percent by the central government as of fiscal year 2018. This is in lieu of the Indian constitution that places the primary responsibility of providing health care with respective state governments.

Budget outlays for health

India had one of the lowest expenditures on healthcare among 36 other OECD countries. While the United States spent about 17 percent of its GDP on healthcare, India spent just around three percent on health care in 2018. As a result, private healthcare sector has been booming and Indian citizens incur high out-of-pocket costs for healthcare. It is clear that India’s health financing is in need of better funding and resources to ensure healthcare remains affordable and accessible to all.

Indian states with the highest public health expenditure in financial year 2018

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Release date

March 2018



Survey time period

FY 2018

Supplementary notes

Note: Figures indicate budget estimates.
India's financial year starts in April and ends in March. For example, FY 2016 started in April 2015 and ended in March 2016.
One Indian rupee is equal to 0.012 U.S. dollars and 0.013 euros (as of June 2020).
Values have been rounded.

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