Average monthly net wage in Indonesia in 2019, by sector

As of August 2019, the mining and excavation industry was the highest-paying sector in Indonesia, with an average monthly net wage of about 4.77 million Indonesian rupiah, down from 5.03 million Indonesian rupia in February 2019. By comparison, the agricultural sector was the lowest-paying sector. However, when it comes to the number of people employed, the reverse is true.

Lowest wages for the largest sector of employment

In 2017, the agricultural sector employed around 36 million workers in Indonesia, compared to the approximately 1.4 million people employed in mining and quarrying. Although employment in agriculture has been steadily declining over the past few years, it still makes up the biggest share of workers in Indonesia. With the concentration of the agricultural industry in rural areas, this creates a large disparity in purchasing power between the rural and urban populations.

Disparity between urban and rural incomes

Although the cost of living in the countryside in Indonesia is significantly lower than in the cities and urban centers like Jakarta, there is a significant difference in the availability of better-paid work. Those employed in mining and quarrying in the urban areas can expect up to three million rupiah more than those employed in this same sector in rural areas. This discrepancy in job quality and wages significantly impacts poverty levels, with rural areas experiencing almost twice the share of the population living below the poverty line.

Average monthly net wage in Indonesia as of August 2019, by sector

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Release date

December 2019



Survey time period

August 2019

Supplementary notes

Note: 1,000 Indonesian rupiah is equal to approximately 0.074 U.S. dollars and 0.067 euros (as of January 2020).

Figures have been rounded.

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