Scotland - Statistics & Facts

With a current population size of approximately 5.4 million, Scotland boasts the second highest population in the United Kingdom. Moreover, it has the lowest population density of any British country - by quite a considerable margin.

Scotland has experienced a rise of nearly 400 thousand inhabitants since 2000, whereby there had been significant annual increases to the Scottish population. This trend is set to increase over the following decades, according to a population forecast of Scotland, which shows the number of residents isre set to grow continuously until 2039. Accompanying this trend, the forecasted median age of the population is also expected to increase over the foreseeable decades, growing to 45.2 years by the same year.

Yet, despite these predicted upturns, the most recent live birth rates in Scotland have experienced small annual decreases since 2008. This trend was duplicated in the total fertility rate, which fell each year from 2008 until the most recent period.

Despite a growing population, the number of recorded crimes in Scotland has undergone a substantial reduction, dropping from nearly 440 thousand incidents to 246 thousand in 2015/2016, the greatest number of which occurred in Glasgow, according to data on the crime rate in Scotland by region in 2016.

The number of marriages in Scotland shows much fluctuation throughout the 15 years following 2000, but decrease was the overall trend, with a difference of 2.3 thousand between 2000 and 2015. Notwithstanding, this trend was not mirrored by the number of divorces in Scotland.

Employment statistics show that between the male and female unemployment rate, there was a higher rate of unemployment among men in 2016, despite the female rate of employment growing by 0.9 percent upon the previous quarter. Nonetheless, the overall annual unemployment rate had been decreasing. This trend was also reflected in youth unemployment rates in Scotland, which halved in the time between 2013/2014 and 2016/2017, this would have certainly been moderately conducive to an uplift in the economic development of the country.

Another contributor to Scotland's economic success is generated through trade. Between 2000 and 2015, total value of imports into Scotland experienced significant overall increases, only decreasing marginally in 2009, this was most likely knock-on effect resulting from the global financial crisis. Data illustrating the sources of Scotland's total imports shows that the European Union was the largest contributor to Scottish trade, which provided 4.9 billion British pounds worth of goods. This tendency was also present in the destination of Scotland's total exports, most of which was imported from the European Union.

Figures regarding Scotland's net trade value shows that in the years following 2000 there was a two-fold increase the net trade deficit. This in turn may have contributed to the diminished value of the Scottish GDP of (excluding North Sea GDP), yet the quarterly GDP of Scotland shows no substantial negative development, although the value of GDP in the final quarter of 2016 experienced a marginal decline, which will no doubt recover in the near future.

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