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Scotland - Statistics & Facts

Scotland is the second-largest country in the United Kingdom and has a population of approximately 5.47 million. With a population density of just 70 people per square kilometer, Scotland is also the most sparsely populated country in the UK. A large share of the Scottish population lives in the 'Central Belt' area of the country, which includes the major cities of Glasgow, which has a population of 635,640, and the capital city of Edinburgh, with a population of 527,620 people. Although Scotland has a growing population, Scotland's most recent live birth rates in Scotland have experienced small annual decreases since 2008. This trend was replicated in the total fertility rate, which fell each year from 2008 until the most recent period.

Growing momentum for indyref2?

The issue of Scottish independence from the rest of the United Kingdom will be one of the defining issues for Scotland in the 2020s. Although the country voted to reject independence in a referendum in 2014, subsequent events in the UK have only widened the gaps between Scotland and its southern neighbor. The Brexit vote saw Scotland vote primarily to remain in the European Union compared with England and Wales, which mostly voted to leave. The Scottish National Party, led by Nicola Sturgeon, is the largest political party in the Scottish Parliament and won 48 of 59 Scottish seats in the 2019 UK general election, which was followed by an unsuccessful request for a second Scottish independence referendum. As of November 2021, the share of people in Scotland who would vote for independence stood at 47 percent, compared with 53 percent who would stay in the United Kingdom.

Falling crime and economic headwinds

The number of recorded crimes in Scotland has fallen substantially in recent years, falling from 438,123 crimes in 2004/05 to 246,511 in 2020/21. This is also reflected in Scotland's crime rate, which has dropped from 82.6 crimes per 1,000 people in 2003 to 45.1 by 2021, significantly lower than the average for the rest of the UK. In terms of Scotland's economic situation, recent labor market statistics show that the overall unemployment rate was declining significantly prior to 2020, with this trend was also reflected in the youth unemployment rate. Rising unemployment rates from 2020 onwards were a direct result of the Coronavirus Pandemic, which caused widespread disruption to the UK economy . Going into 2022, it is likely that Scotland will suffer from the cost of living crisis engulfing the UK, due to high inflation, driven by rising energy prices.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 33 most important statistics relating to "Scotland".

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