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Global infrastructure - statistics & facts

Global infrastructure comprises the physical networks and facilities fundamental to the functioning of a modern industrial nation. This definition refers to transportation infrastructures, such as roads, bridges, railroads, and ports; energy infrastructures, such as energy transmission lines and pipelines; or telecommunication infrastructures, which include cellular base stations. In 2020, China was the country with the highest spending on infrastructure worldwide. However, as of May 2022, the three most expensive infrastructure projects currently under development were in Europe and the United States.

Telecommunications infrastructure

Infrastructure is typically built to provide essential public services that are necessary for society. Not only that, but quality infrastructure is also essential to have a developed economy that runs smoothly and can grow. For example, without functioning telephone lines, or electrical grids and dams for electric power generation, businesses would have much greater difficulties doing their work and contributing to their economy. For example, telecommunications infrastructures have become even more indispensable in the last decades as each year more of our social interactions and economic transactions happen online. Thus, the most valued telecom infrastructure companies in the world, such as Huawei, have gained great power and notoriety.

Transportations infrastructure in the United States

Many roads, streets, bridges, airports, railways, ports, tunnels, highways, or inland waterways are newly built and maintained or repaired in order to provide transportation services. In 2021, if transportation and road projects were considered together, they would have made up the most valuable segment of infrastructure construction in the U.S. However, despite all this spending, in 2021 there was still a lot of transportation infrastructure in the U.S. that was in need of more investment to repair and maintain deficient bridges and roads. Meanwhile, the United States was the country with the longest railroad network in the world, with over 60,000 kilometers of railroad more than Russia, China, or India.


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