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Countries with the largest share of primary energy consumption 2019

China consumes 24.3 percent of global primary energy, the largest share of any country in the world. The United States follows with more than double the share of consumption of India and Russia, the third and fourth largest consumers.

China’s use of energy

Most primary energy in China comes from coal, while crude oil is the country’s second most-consumed resource. Primary energy consumption in China has more than tripled since 2000 and continues to rise each year. Rapid construction is a major reason for China's rising energy consumption.

Sources of primary energy

Primary energy comes directly from natural resources, both renewable and non-renewable, and has not yet been subject to transformation through human processes. Fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and gas are the most common types of primary energy sources worldwide. Use of oil alone is much greater than renewable sources. Consumption of renewables such as solar and wind currently remain at a much lower level than that of fossil fuels. However, global renewable energy consumption has been growing strongly since the early 2000s.

Countries with the largest share of primary energy consumption in 2019

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

The source specifies that primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.

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Statistics on "Global energy consumption"

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