In terms of segment distribution, natural cheese—everyday, specialty, and cheese slices—accounts for a majority of the Canadian cheese market. In terms of per capita consumption, specialty cheese is the most popular type of cheese among Canadians. The volume of cheese exports stood at around 9.12 million kilograms in 2016 while approximately 321 million Canadian dollars was generated from cheese imports into Canada in that same year.
The Canadian dairy sector currently operates under a supply management system based on planned domestic production, administered pricing and dairy product import controls. In 2015, the average annual expenditure for the purchase of cheese was 287 Canadian dollars per household. For that year, the retail sales volume of cheese was recorded to be at approximately 213 million kilograms.