In terms of segment distribution, natural cheese (everyday, specialty, and cheese slices) accounts for a majority of the Canadian cheese market. In terms of per capita consumption, specialty cheese is the most popular type of cheese among Canadians, followed by Cheddar. The volume of cheese exports stood at around 10.08 million kilograms in 2017, whilst approximately 329 million Canadian dollars was generated from cheese imports into Canada in that same year.
The Canadian dairy sector currently operates under a supply management system based on planned domestic production, administered pricing and dairy product import controls. In 2016, the average annual expenditure on cheese was 293 Canadian dollars per household and the total retail sales volume of cheese reached approximately 213 million kilograms.