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Dairy industry in Canada - statistics & facts

Dairy farming is a branch of agriculture which involves the processing of raw animal milk into dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yogurt. For many consumers, dairy products are an important nutritional source. For dairy farmers and processors, it is a source of livelihood. Some of the leading dairy corporations worldwide include Nestlé, Lactalis, and the Dairy Farmers of America. Saputo, one of the leaders in the Canadian dairy manufacturing industry, generated sales of approximately 15 billion Canadian dollars in 2020. The sales of Agropur Dairy Cooperative, one of Saputo's key competitors, amounted to over 7.7 billion Canadian during the same time period.

Dairy production and manufacturing

Quebec is the largest dairy producing province in Canada, with around 365,000 dairy cows and 142 dairy manufacturing establishments. Ontario and British Columbia follow in second and third places, respectively. The value of milk and dairy manufacturing shipments in Canada amounted to about 14.8 billion Canadian dollars in 2019. In the same year, the average net operating income of dairy farms in Canada amounted to approximately 164,000 Canadian dollars and the farm cash receipts of dairy products amounted to approximately 6.99 billion Canadian dollars.

Canadian international dairy trade

Regarding international trade, the trade balance of dairy products in Canada amounted to approximately -517 million Canadian dollars in 2019, meaning dairy imports were valued at around 517 million Canadian dollars more than dairy exports from Canada that year. The United States is, by far, the largest trade partner for Canadian dairy products. The trade value of dairy and eggs imported to Canada from the United States amounted to approximately 289 million U.S. dollarsin 2019, followed by New Zealand with imports valued at around 89 million Canadian dollars.

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Dairy industry in Canada

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International trade



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