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Healthcare in Russia - statistics & facts

In 2020, the consolidated budget spending on healthcare in Russia reached 4.6 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic demonstrated the significance of healthcare funding, as the number of cases in the country was one of the highest worldwide. Russia's ratio of current healthcare spending to GDP was lower than in most other European countries. Per capita healthcare expenditure was forecast to reach 636 U.S. dollars in 2021, sharply increasing from the previous year, and it was expected to grow in the following years until 2025.

Russian health system

Russian citizens had access to free healthcare provided by the state from the Federal Compulsory Medical Insurance Fund (FOMS). They could also choose private healthcare services, for example, to receive treatment quicker, for better quality, or for latest technologies. There were around 5.1 thousand hospitals in Russia, indicating a decrease in healthcare institutions in the country since the beginning of the 2010s. Alongside this decline in infirmaries, the number of hospital beds per 10,000 population fell over the same period. These developments could be related to the healthcare reform in the country in 2014. In an attempt to improve the quality of healthcare and wages of medical staff, the government reduced the number of hospitals and jobs in the industry. There were over 50 doctors per 10,000 people in Russia in 2020, a figure that gradually rose after a sharp decline between 2014 and 2015.

What are the most common diseases in Russia?

Respiratory organs diseases had the highest morbidity among major disease classes in Russia, measured at over 370 newly diagnosed patients per thousand population. Injuries, poisonings, and other issues caused by external factors were recorded in nearly 81 people per thousand residents. Furthermore, almost 3.5 thousand Russians were diagnosed with diabetes per 100,000 population as of 2020, a number that gradually increased each year over the past decade. Among communicable diseases, upper respiratory infections were the most common, followed by acute intestinal infections. With over 573 fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants, circulatory system diseases were the most common cause of death, followed by neoplasms and the infection caused by COVID-19.

Interesting statistics

In the following 6 chapters, you will quickly find the 48 most important statistics relating to "Healthcare in Russia".

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