Indonesia has at least 673 airports, and 34 of them are commercial airports, which are managed by state-run airport operators PT Angkasa Pura I (AP I) and PT Angkasa Pura II (AP II). As of 2012, Indonesia had 29 international airports, with almost 100 thousand international flight departures in 2018. In fact, Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in Jakarta is one of the world’s busiest airport and has recorded the most takeoffs and landings in Southeast Asia, making it the busiest airport in the region.
The number of domestic and international air passengers in Indonesia have been increasing over the years and it does not seem that it would change soon. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Transportation, the total number of flight routes in Indonesia amounted to 214 as of 2018. The biggest domestic airlines in Indonesia are Lion Air and Garuda Indonesia, owning more than 300 and 200 aircraft respectively.
Despite the growth of the aviation market, the aircraft industry in Indonesia faces challenges of poor maintenance, safety issues and lack of support. Between 2013 and 2018 Indonesia recorded a total of 94 serious aviation accidents. According to Aviation Safety Director of the Ministry of Transportation, Indonesia’s aircraft security system is lagging behind due to the limited personnel, technology, and obedience in following the SOPs. Because of this, Indonesian government is establishing the National Aviation Security System Integration/NASSI 2014-2024, an integrated security system for all airports in Indonesia. As an initial step, NASSI will be applied in five Indonesian airports, which are Soekarno-Hatta, Kualanamu, Juanda, Ngurah Rai, and Sultan Hasanuddin. By 2024, NASSI is expected to be implemented in all Indonesian airports.