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Newfoundland and Labrador - Statistics & Facts

Newfoundland and Labrador is Canada’s easternmost province, with a population of about 520,553 people, with the majority of the population being of North American origin, and identifies as Christian. Additionally, the number of immigrants has steadily increased since 2000. Newfoundland and Labrador made up of the region of the island Newfoundland and the mainland region Labrador which borders Quebec. With their capital being St. John’s, it is their largest city and North’ America’s easternmost city located in Newfoundland. With nearly the entire region speaking English, it is one of the smallest provinces in Canada by land size and is home to over 7,000 small islands.

The economy of Newfoundland and Labrador is deeply reliant on natural resources. For a long time, the most vital activity of the economy was cod fishing, while fishermen used farming as a supplementary income but poor climate inhibited any significant agricultural progress. Starting in the late 19th century, mineral resource exploitation started to foster economic growth. The mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction industry has the highest GDP out of all industries in the province, having brought in 12.89 billion Canadian dollars in 2020. It is one of the leading provinces in cobalt, nickel, copper production. Furthermore, the extraction industry has the highest labor productivity out of all industries, having added 856.3 Canadian dollars added to the GDP per hour worked in 2020. The total gross domestic product of Newfoundland and Labrador that year was 30.13 billion Canadian dollars, a slight decrease from the previous year.

Despite being resource-rich, the overall economy of the province has faced many financial hardships, as it has the second-highest unemployment rate in the country, which was 13.7 percent in 2020. Additionally, 14.7 percent of their population was considered to be low income in 2019. However, the median annual family income was 82,540 Candian dollars that same year, which was not the lowest out of all Canadian provinces. Fortunately, it has been steadily increasing since the start of the millennium.

Interesting statistics

In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 33 most important statistics relating to "Newfoundland and Labrador ".


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