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Wales- Statistics & Facts

Wales is the third-largest of the four constituent countries that comprise the United Kingdom, with a population of approximately 3.17 million in 2020. Many people in Wales live on the country's south coast, especially in the large cities of Cardiff and Swansea, which had populations of approximately 369,000 and 247,000, respectively. Since 1971, the country's population has increased by around 430,000, with the Welsh population passing the three million mark for the first time in 2007. As of 2020, just over 222,000 people in Wales were aged between 55 and 59, the most of any age group quintile in that year.

The Welsh economy

In 2019, gross domestic product in Wales amounted to 75.7 billion British pounds, which in terms of GDP per capita was around 23,882 pounds. Compared with the rest of the UK, Wales' GDP per capita was one of the lowest among regions of the UK, with only North East England having a lower figure. Like many other countries, the Welsh economy suffered a sudden shock in 2020 due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The Welsh unemployment rate, for example, increased from 2.7 percent in June 2020 to 4.6 percent just three months later in September. There was also a dramatic decline in the average working hours worked by full-time workers in Wales, falling from 36.8 hours a week in late 2019 to 32.7 hours a year later in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Around a quarter of Welsh support independence

Since 1999, a devolved government in Wales has governed via the Welsh Parliament (Senedd Cymru). As of the 2021 election, the largest party in the Welsh Parliament is the Welsh Labour party, which holds 30 of the 60 seats in the Senedd. Plaid Cymru, the party that supports Welsh independence, currently has 13 seats in the Senedd and was the third-largest party after the most recent election. According to recent polls, around 25 percent of people in Wales would vote to leave the United Kingdom in a potential independence referendum. Although support for Welsh independence has been growing in recent years, it is currently not as widespread as the independence movement in Scotland. Additionally, Wales supported leaving the European Union during the Brexit referendum, unlike Scotland and Northern Ireland, which voted to remain.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 30 most important statistics relating to "Wales".


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