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UK Politics - Statistics & Facts

The ongoing Coronavirus pandemic continues to command most of the attention of the United Kingdom's political class, even as the UK navigates unchartered waters outside of the European Union. For the British public, health is currently seen most important issue facing the country, and due to the collateral economic damage caused by Coronavirus restrictions, the issue of the economy is also seen as a top priority. Although the approval rating for the current government was very low in the last months of the 2020, this has started to improve in early 2021. The swift rollout of vaccines for COVID-19, is undoubtedly one of the main reasons for this turnaround, with the UK having by far the highest vaccination rate in Europe. This trend is also reflected by the increasing share of people who intend to vote for the ruling Conservative Party in the next general election, along with an uptick in the share of people who think Boris Johnson makes a better Prime Minister than the current leader of the opposition, Keir Starmer.

The Brexit Saga

Modern British politics has undoubtedly been dominated by the issue of Brexit, following the result of the UK’s referendum to withdraw from the European Union in 2016. The 2017 general election was in many ways a reaction to Brexit, an attempt by the Conservative Party to increase their majority in parliament and strengthen their hand in the Brexit negotiations. The Prime Minster, Theresa May, did return to power, but with a reduced number of seats in the House of Commons. May's pyrrhic victory in that election was followed by almost two years of constant instability, which saw May gradually lose political capital as she attempted to get her unpopular Brexit deal approved by parliament three times in early 2019. Her inability to do so led to her resignation, and the rise to power of Boris Johnson, who would go on to decisively win the 2019 general election, and achieve his goal of taking Britain out of the European Union on January 31, 2020. Any honeymoon period that Johnson may have had was soon shattered by the Coronavirus pandemic, with the first UK cases reported on the very same day that Britain left the EU.

UK politics explained

While the United Kingdom is technically still a monarchy, and also has an unelected upper-house in the form of the House of Lords, the true center of executive and legislative power lies in the House of Commons. The 650 Members of Parliament (MPs) that sit in the UK’s House of Commons represent 650 electoral areas called constituencies. Voters in the UK elect an MP for their constituency who will sit in parliament to stand for both local and national interests. Almost all MPs belong to political parties, the largest of which are center-right Conservative Party and the center-left Labour Party. If one single party can win 326 or more seats in a general election, it will be able to form a government by virtue of having a simple majority in the House of Commons. The leader of the party who wins the most MPs usually goes on to become the Prime Minister, although these leaders must also win the constituency they represent, just like any other MP.

Key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "UK Politics" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Opinion Polls

UK government

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the {amountStatistics} most important statistics relating to "UK Politics".

Politics in the UK

Dossier on the topic

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UK Politics - Statistics & Facts

The ongoing Coronavirus pandemic continues to command most of the attention of the United Kingdom's political class, even as the UK navigates unchartered waters outside of the European Union. For the British public, health is currently seen most important issue facing the country, and due to the collateral economic damage caused by Coronavirus restrictions, the issue of the economy is also seen as a top priority. Although the approval rating for the current government was very low in the last months of the 2020, this has started to improve in early 2021. The swift rollout of vaccines for COVID-19, is undoubtedly one of the main reasons for this turnaround, with the UK having by far the highest vaccination rate in Europe. This trend is also reflected by the increasing share of people who intend to vote for the ruling Conservative Party in the next general election, along with an uptick in the share of people who think Boris Johnson makes a better Prime Minister than the current leader of the opposition, Keir Starmer.

The Brexit Saga

Modern British politics has undoubtedly been dominated by the issue of Brexit, following the result of the UK’s referendum to withdraw from the European Union in 2016. The 2017 general election was in many ways a reaction to Brexit, an attempt by the Conservative Party to increase their majority in parliament and strengthen their hand in the Brexit negotiations. The Prime Minster, Theresa May, did return to power, but with a reduced number of seats in the House of Commons. May's pyrrhic victory in that election was followed by almost two years of constant instability, which saw May gradually lose political capital as she attempted to get her unpopular Brexit deal approved by parliament three times in early 2019. Her inability to do so led to her resignation, and the rise to power of Boris Johnson, who would go on to decisively win the 2019 general election, and achieve his goal of taking Britain out of the European Union on January 31, 2020. Any honeymoon period that Johnson may have had was soon shattered by the Coronavirus pandemic, with the first UK cases reported on the very same day that Britain left the EU.

UK politics explained

While the United Kingdom is technically still a monarchy, and also has an unelected upper-house in the form of the House of Lords, the true center of executive and legislative power lies in the House of Commons. The 650 Members of Parliament (MPs) that sit in the UK’s House of Commons represent 650 electoral areas called constituencies. Voters in the UK elect an MP for their constituency who will sit in parliament to stand for both local and national interests. Almost all MPs belong to political parties, the largest of which are center-right Conservative Party and the center-left Labour Party. If one single party can win 326 or more seats in a general election, it will be able to form a government by virtue of having a simple majority in the House of Commons. The leader of the party who wins the most MPs usually goes on to become the Prime Minister, although these leaders must also win the constituency they represent, just like any other MP.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the {amountStatistics} most important statistics relating to "UK Politics".

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