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Electric mobility in Norway - statistics & facts

Norway is one of the leading countries in the world for e-mobility adoption. Despite being a relatively small country, Norway is the third most valuable market for electric vehicles (EVs), and particularly battery electric vehicles (BEVs). Thousands of vehicles are imported from Germany, the UK, and neighboring Sweden. Concerted efforts have been made by the national government to transition to an electrified transportation system. Road transport by the end of the decade is likely to be 100 percent electric. Additionally, the country is supporting a shift towards shared e-scooter services, and public bus fleets are progressively electric-powered. E-mobility can be a heavy burden on the national electricity grid, but Norway boasts a strong renewable electricity industry. Primarily supplied by hydroelectric, Norway’s grid has so far coped with EVs' increasing hunger for electricity.

Norway's preference for electric vehicles

More than 50 percent of Norway’s new car sales in 2020 were fully electric. Some of the most popular passenger car models in Norway are fully electric. Battery electric vehicles are powered primarily by lithium-ion technology. EVs will put enormous pressure on global demand for lithium but they will also feed a massive battery recycling industry. With nearly 300,000 EVs in Norway, the country is already an attractive recycling market. There is little automotive industry in Norway, however, the country is still a hub for e-mobility innovation. In order to meet its 2050 carbon-neutral goal, Norway attempts to electrify all modes of transport. By 2026, the fjords of Norway should be emissions-free. Additionally, all short-haul flights could be powered with electric technology by 2030. It is possible that all aspects of Norwegian mobility and wider society run solely on electricity by 2050.

Norway's government incentivizes e-mobility adoption

The national government of Norway established incentives for electric vehicle purchases in the 1990s. But it was not until 2016 that the battery electric vehicle market exploded. That year, the government set the target of phasing out new fossil-fuel light vehicles by 2025. Between 2016 and 2018, the electric vehicle fleet doubled. Success was driven by the world’s largest electric vehicle subsidies in 2016. Policy instruments included free parking, bus lane access, tax reduction, and toll exemption. Nearly all battery electric vehicles are imported into Norway and, unlike combustion engine vehicles, do not face import tax. Charging infrastructure is also an important factor in the viability of electric vehicle ownership. To cope with the orchestrated growth of battery electric vehicle ownership, the government had to make charging points accessible and widely distributed. Between 2010 and 2019, the number of publicly accessible chargers more than tripled to around 9,400 units. Between 2018 and 2019, fast chargers tripled in number to nearly 4,000 units.

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