In 2021, over two million of Sweden's population of 10.45 million were born outside of Sweden. Of these, people from Asian countries made up the largest group with over 800,000 inhabitants. Syrians was the largest group of foreign-born citizens in Sweden that year.
Lower employment rates than the general populationThe statistics underline that there is a gap between citizens born in Sweden and foreign-born citizens regarding employment. For instance, whereas the employment rate among the country's foreign-born population is just above 60 percent, the overall employment rate in the country is 67.3 percent. Moreover, where the unemployment rate is nearly 20 percent among people born outside of Sweden, it is just short of nine percent among the general population. What is more, there is a clear gap between men and women born outside of Sweden, with the employment rate being 10 percentage points higher among the former group. There is also a large gap in the employment rates of Sweden's foreign-born population between people with different levels of education.
Looking at income levels, inhabitants born in Sweden had the highest average disposable income. Of those born outside of Sweden, those from America and Oceania had the highest income levels. On the other hand, Africans had the lowest average income. Furthermore, the number of average weekly working hours was slightly higher among Sweden's foreign-born population than among the native-born.