The Travel & Tourism market contains package holidays, hotel stays, private vacation rentals, camping and cruises. Users represent the number of travelers. Well-known providers of package holidays are online travel agencies (OTAs) such as Expedia and Opodo and tour operators such as TUI. Specialized providers of hotels and private accommodation booked online are, for example, Hotels.com, Booking.com, and Airbnb. The booking volume includes all booked travels made by users from the selected region, independent of the departure and arrival. The scope includes domestic and outbound travel.
Offline bookings made, for example, in a travel agencies office or by telephone are also included in this market.
Bookings directly via the website of the service provider, travel agencies, online travel agencies (OTAs) or telephone
In recent years, the Travel & Tourism market has been under a lot of pressure due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Traveling to other countries became impossible because of lockdowns, restrictions, and health risks, affecting people all over the world. Although the is recovering from this shock, the pandemic has had a long-lasting impact, with new trends emerging from the crisis. First and foremost, because traveling was not possible for a few years, people were able to save more money, which they now wish to spend on vacations and trips. Since the markets reopened, this phenomenon has become known as “revenge travel.” Furthermore, from a business perspective, a similar growth driver is the slow shift back toward in-person events. Many companies are asking their employees to return to the office, and meetings are being held in person again. Therefore, events may be an additional driver in the coming years. However, a general sentiment for the possibility of flexible working has also spread around the globe. In addition to increasing home-office options for employees, the keyword “workation” has been established as a trend. It describes the combination of working and traveling, whereby flexible workplaces allow their employees to travel and simultaneously work from different countries around the world.
The growing awareness of human impact on the environment has resulted in changes when it comes to tourism, in large part due to the younger generation. Sustainability is playing an increasingly important role for tourists, especially when it comes to mode of travel. Environmental concerns are also shaping the market and encouraging travel companies to make new and alternative offers for more sustainable travel. In addition, regulations such as the carbon tax could potentially influence the way people travel in general. This is particularly the case when it comes to cruises since they cause high emissions. Consequently, a switch to more environmentally friendly propulsion technologies, such as Liquified Natural Gas (LNG), is being made.
On a global scale, the United States has recovered quickly from the pandemic shock, with especially the Hotels market seeing an increase in bookings. The relaxation of China's travel restrictions will promote an increase in Travel & Tourism, particularly in China but also globally for international travels. Europe’s segments exhibit a good recovery rate, although the geopolitical situation in Eastern Europe is inhibiting outbound travel. The current biggest challenges faced by all markets of the Travel & Tourism market are inflation and increased travel costs, which are caused by the most recent world events.
The data encompasses B2C enterprises. Figures are based on bookings, revenues, and sales channels of hotels, vacation rentals, cruises, package holidays, and camping.
Market sizes are determined through a bottom-up approach, building on a specific rationale for each market. As a basis for evaluating markets, we use financial reports, the Global Consumer Survey, third-party studies and reports, data from industry associations (e.g., UNWTO), and price data of major players in respective markets. In addition, we use relevant key market indicators and data from country-specific associations, such as country-related GDP, demographic data (e.g., population), tourism spending, consumer spending, internet penetration, and device penetration. This data helps us estimate the market size for each country individually.
In our forecasts, we apply diverse forecasting techniques. The selection of forecasting techniques is based on the behavior of the relevant market. For example, ARIMA, which allows time series forecasts, accounting for stationarity of data and enabling short-term estimates. Additionally, simple linear regression, Holt-Winters forecast, and exponential trend smoothing methods are applied. A k-means cluster analysis allows for the estimation of similar countries. The main drivers are tourism GDP per capita and respective price indices.
The data is modeled using current exchange rates. The market is updated twice a year in case market dynamics change. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is considered at a country-specific level. Data shown does reflect market impacts of the Russia-Ukraine war.