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U.S. primary energy consumption 2017-2019, by source

The statistic represents U.S. energy consumption from 2017 to 2019, with a breakdown by energy source. In the United States some 32 quadrillion British thermal units of energy derived from natural gas in 2019.

Energy consumption by source

Petroleum is the main source of energy in the United States. The liquid is predominantly utilized as a fuel in the transportation sector, which is also the second-largest consumer of energy in the U.S., with a proportion of over 28 percent of the country’s total energy consumption. This figure is topped only by the energy-guzzling industrial sector - a major consumer of fossil fuels such as petroleum and natural gas.

Despite the prevalence of fossil fuels in the U.S. energy mix, the use of renewable energy sources has grown immensely in the last decades to approximately 104 million metric tons of oil equivalent in 2018. Most of the renewable energy produced in the United States is derived from biomass, hydro and wind sources. More often than not, renewable energy is converted into electricity. In 2018, renewable electricity accounted for approximately 17.6 percent of the nation’s total electricity generation. In the long run, it is projected that renewable power will replace petroleum as the main fuel in motor vehicles, once the internal combustion motor - that revolutionized the world in the early 19th century - has been marginalized by alternative propulsion technologies.

Primary energy consumption in the United States in 2017 and 2019, by energy source

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Release date

April 2020


United States

Survey time period

2017 and 2019

Supplementary notes

* Petroleum products supplied, including natural gas plant liquids and crude oil burned as fuel. Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum - biofuels are included in biomass
** Natural gas only; excludes supplemental gaseous fuels.
Most data are estimates.

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Statistics on "Energy consumption in the U.S."

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