Primary energy consumption in IndonesiaBetween 2008 and 2012, Indonesia’s primary energy consumption grew from 5.62 exajoules to 7.03 exajoules. As a member of the MINT countries, Indonesia is counted amongst the Next Eleven high-potential nations. At 3.62 percent, unemployment in Indonesia reached a new low in 2019, while gross domestic product peaked in the same year. Indonesia is home to a wealth of natural endowments, including natural gas, petroleum and coal resources. In 2014, the government in Jakarta confirmed plans to build the country’s first nuclear reactor in order to keep up with rising energy demand levels.
In addition to the conventional energy sources that are extracted from beneath the earth’s surface in Indonesia, the emerging market’s total energy supply also includes a variety of renewable energy sources such as biomass energy, as well as electricity generated from water, wind, geothermal and, to a limited extent, solar sources. The increased use of renewable energy sources may play a crucial role in reducing the country’s carbon footprint. In 2014, Indonesia’s share of global carbon dioxide emissions stood at 2.3 percent of the world total, making Indonesia one of the 25 largest producers of carbon dioxide worldwide.