Rare earth reserves worldwide as of 2016, by country (in 1,000 metric tons REO)*

Loading statistic...
Reserves in thousand metric tons REO*
United States1,400
World total120,000

© Statista 2017

Download Settings Share
Chart type
Share on Social Media
HTML code to embed chart as PNG (FAQ)
Description Source More information
This statistic illustrates the global rare earth reserves as estimated as of 2016, by country. In that year, India was estimated to own reserves of approximately 6.9 million metric tons of rare-earth oxides.
Rare earth reserves

According to estimates by the U.S. Geological Survey, the worldwide reserves of rare earths are approximately 120 million metric tons. Most of these reserves are located within China, and are estimated at some 44 million metric tons. The United States also owns significant reserves, which are estimated to be some 1.4 million metric tons. In addition, within the major rare earth holding countries are India, Australia, Brazil and Malaysia. With over 100 thousand metric tons produced from mines in 2016, China by far exploited most of its rare earths reserves. China produces most of these amounts in Inner Mongolia. Australia, which is the second largest producer of rare earths from mines, extracted some 14 thousand metric tons of these commodities in the same year.

Rare earth elements, also called rare earth metals, are a group of 17 chemical elements. The largest subgroup within it are the 15 lanthanides. The two other elements are scandium and yttrium. Based on quantity, the lanthanides cerium, lanthanum and neodymium are the most produced rare earths elements. Yttrium, one of the rare earths that was explored first, has its name from the town where it was found – Ytterby, Sweden. Nowadays, rare earth elements are crucial for a number of key technologies such as medical technology and energy technology. They are used, among many other things, for lasers, battery electrodes, magnets, MRI contrast agents, catalysts, alloys, etc. It is expected that in the near future, most of the rare earth metals will be needed for magnets and metal alloys.
Show more
Release date
January 2017
Survey time period
Supplementary notes
* REO = rare earth oxides.
All figures are estimates.

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $588 / Year

Statistics on "Rare earths"

  • Overview
The most important statistics
  • Demand and consumption
The most important statistics
  • China
The most important statistics
  • United States
  • Companies (outside China)
The most important statistics
  • Outlook
The most important statistics

Related Studies: Available to Download in PDF or PPTX Format

Rare earths

All Information
in one Presentation

Rare earths

Everything On "Rare earths" in One Document: Edited and Divided into Handy Chapters. Including Detailed References.

Statista for Your Company: The Research and Analysis Tool

  • Product Film
  • Statistics
  • Downloads

Our Premium Statistics - facts for your business

Currently, Statista provides more than 1 million statistics.
93 percent (all Premium content) are exclusively accessible via our professional accounts.

Unlimited access

As a Statista Premium customer, you receive unlimited access to all statistics at all times. Including downloads of data in the most common formats (XLS, PDF & PNG). Create relevant and significant statistics in no time.

You are in good company

Further Content: Statistics, Studies, and Topic Pages

Our Business Solutions: Save Time and Money



per year
Your advantages
  • Full access to all our statistics
  • Download as XLS, PDF & PNG
  • Relevant data: complete source information
All functions of our platform illustrated face-to-face
  • Learn how Statista supports your company
  • Extensive tour across the whole portal
  • Personal guidance by our support team
The knowledge database for your company
  • All functions of the Premium Account
  • Access to dossiers, forecasts and studies
  • Access to our international database
  • Publishing rights and other exclusive functions