Birth rate in Spain in 2018, by autonomous community

The autonomous Spanish city of Melilla, located in Morocco, had the highest birth rate of Spanish cities in 2018: 15.95 births per 1,000 inhabitants. Asturias, on the other hand, had the lowest birth rate, with 5.6 births per 1,000 inhabitants. As of January 2018, Andalusia was the most populated autonomous community in Spain, with a total amount of approximately 8.4 million inhabitants.

Spain’s population decreases

Spain had the lowest fertility rate in the European Union in 2016, with approximately 1.34 children being born alive to a woman during her lifetime. In comparison, the fertility rate in France was set at 1.92 that year whereas Sweden and Ireland reached 1.85 and 1.81 respectively. In 2017, the total population of Spain was around 46.33 million people and was forecast to decrease by 2023.

Multiple reasons behind this decline

There are two reasons for the decline in Spain’s population. First, more people died in Spain than there were being born in 2017. According to data provided from the Spanish Statistics Institute, there were over 420 thousand deaths versus 390 thousand newborns that year. Second, Spain’s population moved away from the country in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. Germany was the preferred destination chosen by Spanish expats, with a share of 17 percent of the total amount of Spaniards living abroad.

Birth rate in Spain in 2018, by autonomous community

Community of Madrid9.278.7
Balearic Islands8.878.71
Castile-La Mancha8.277.75
La Rioja8.217.45
Region of Valencia8.177.66
Basque Country7.877.4
Canary Islands7.536.69
Castile and Leon6.396.24
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Release date

February 2020



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

Preliminary data

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Statistics on "Demographics of Spain"

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