The depopulation of a country
The population of Spain declined for many years, a negative trend reverted from 2016 onwards, and was projected to grow by nearly one million by 2027 compared to 2021. Despite this expected increase, Spain has one of the lowest fertility rate in the European Union, with barely 1.37 children per woman according to the latest reports. During the last ten years, the country featured a continuous population density of approximately 93 inhabitants per square kilometer – a figure far from the European average, which stood nearly at nearly 112 inhabitants per square kilometer in 2020.
Migration inflow: an essential role in the Spanish population growth
One of the key points to balance out the population trend in Spain is immigration – Spain’s immigration figures finally started to pick up in 2015 after a downward trend that presumably initiated after the 2008 financial crisis, which left Spain with one of the highest unemployment rates in Europe.