The population of Spain is dying more than being born
Spain has onr of the lowest fertility rate in the European Union, with barely 1.37 children per woman. According to the most recent data, more people died in Spain than were being born in 2022, with figures reaching over 449,000 deaths versus 336,000 newborns.
Immigration countered this trend
One of the key points to balance out this population downtrend in Spain is immigration. Spain’s immigration figures finally started to pick up in 2015 after a downward trend that presumably initiated after the 2008 financial crisis. Nevertheless, Spaniards still migrate is much larger numbers than before the crisis. According to the latest data, nationals aged between 25 and 34 years represented the largest bulk of emigrants.