Yield on 10-year U.S. Treasury bond 1987-2019

At the end of 2018, the yield on the 10-year U.S. Treasury bond was 1.92 percent. That means that a 100 U.S. dollar Treasury bond purchased in 2019 would mature at a value of 101.92 in 2029. This indicates the market’s expectation of the economy over that period. Highest yields could be observed in the late 1980s.

What affects bond prices?

The factors that play a big role in valuation and interest in government bonds are interest rate and inflation. If inflation is expected to be high, investors will demand a higher return on bonds. Country credit ratings indicate how stable economy is and thus also influence the government bond prices.

Risk and bonds

Finally, when investors are worried about the bond issuer’s ability to pay at the end of the term, they demand a higher interest rate. For the U.S. Treasury, the vast majority of investors consider the investment to be perfectly safe. Ten-year government bonds from other countries show that countries seen as more risky have a higher bond return. On the other hand, countries in which investors do not expect economic growth have a lower yield.

Yield on 10-year Treasury bond in the United States from 1987 to 2019

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Release date



United States

Survey time period

1987 to 2019

Supplementary notes

End of year values.

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