Bonds and yields – additional information
The bond yield indicates the level of return that the investor can expect from a given type of bond. The government of Germany, for instance, offered the investors 0.44 percent yield on ten-year government bonds for borrowing their money in September 2018. In the United States, government needs are also financed by selling various debt instruments such as Treasury bills, notes, bonds and savings bonds to investors. The largest holders of U.S. debt were Federal Reserve and Government accounts in the United States as of December 2017. The U.S. government owed them 39.68 percent of its total debt. The major foreign holders of the United States treasury securities as of June 2018 were China Mainland, Japan and Ireland.