Bonds and yields – additional information
The bond yield indicates the level of return that the investor can expect from a given type of bond. The government of Germany, for instance, offered the investors 0.4 percent yield on ten-year government bonds for borrowing their money in June 2018. In the United States, government needs are also financed by selling various debt instruments such as Treasury bills, notes, bonds and savings bonds to investors. The largest holders of U.S. debt were Federal Reserve and Government accounts in the United States as of December 2016. The U.S. government owed them 40.07 percent of its total debt. The major foreign holders of the United States treasury securities as of March 2018 were China Mainland, Japan and Ireland.