Automation probability of median jobs in Europe 2018, by country

This statistic shows the share of automation probability of median jobs in selected European countries as of 2018, according to calculations by the OECD. In Slovakia, the median job has a 62 percent chance of being automated, making the country the most vulnerable to automation in Europe. By comparison, the median worker in England had a 42 probability of being automated.

Probability of automation of the median job in Europe as of 2018, by country

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Release date

March 2018



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

The source gives the following information regarding methodology: "This study follows the FO [Frey, Carl Benedikt and Osborne, Michael A. (2017): The future of employment. How susceptible are jobs to computerisation?] approach very closely in order to analyse the risk of automation in 32 OECD countries. The individual-level data were collected through the first two rounds of the PIAAC study in 2011/2012 and 2014/2015 (OECD, 2013; OECD, 2016; Quintini, 2016)."
More detailed information on calculation method may be found in the report, page 40ff.

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Statistics on "Industrial machinery and automation in the United Kingdom (UK)"

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