Beef is the name used in the preparation or sale of meat acquired from cattle. In 2014, there was more than one million metric tons of beef produced in Canada, and more than 360 thousand metric tons of beef exported that year. The United States accounted for the largest export market for beef in 2015, with an export value of approximately 1.57 billion Canadian dollars. The western province of Alberta accounted for the largest beef cow inventory, followed by Saskatchewan, with around 1,100 thousand heads as of January 2016.
Produced from bulls, heifers or steers, beef is a variety of red meat which may be cut into roasts, steaks or short ribs. Numerous cuts of steak exist, from premium steaks rib eye, sirloin or tenderloin to budget varieties hanger steak, skirt steak and more. In Canada, the retail price of prime rib roast averaged approximately 30 Canadian dollars in 2015, an increase of approximately seven Canadian dollars since 2013.
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