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Mosquito-borne diseases in the U.S. - Statistics & Facts

Mosquitoes are one of the deadliest creatures in the world because of the many diseases they can transmit. Mosquito-borne diseases include the Zika virus, dengue, malaria, West Nile virus, chikungunya, yellow fever, and more. Different regions are impacted by different mosquito-borne diseases depending on climate, the types of mosquitoes common in the region, and access to preventative measures and medicine. However, the impact of such diseases remains widespread. In 2018, malaria alone was responsible for around 405,000 deaths worldwide.

In the United States, West Nile virus is the most common mosquito-borne disease, followed by malaria, dengue, and chikungunya. In 2018, there were around 2,647 cases of West Nile, with 217 cases occurring in the state of California. In that same year, West Nile was responsible for 167 deaths. In comparison, in 2016, there were 2,078 cases of malaria in the U.S. Furthermore, there were 171 cases of chikungunya virus in 2019, a large decrease from the 2,811 reported in 2014.

The Zika virus gained international attention in 2015 when an outbreak occurred in Brazil. As a result, the U.S. saw increases in Zika cases and much attention was paid to the disease. However, in 2020 only around 34 percent of adults in the United States stated they were very or somewhat concerned about the Zika virus, with females reporting being slightly more concerned than males. This is most likely due to the fact that provisional data shows that in 2019 there were only 22 cases of Zika virus in the U.S., a huge decrease from 5,168 cases in 2016. In 2019, only 11 U.S. states reported cases of Zika virus, with California reporting the highest number with 4 cases.

Measures to prevent mosquito-borne diseases include vaccination, wearing insect repellant, killing mosquitoes, and isolating infected people from mosquitoes to interrupt the transmission cycle. In 2020, vector-borne disease funding from the National Institutes for Health (NIH) was expected to be 570 million U.S. dollars, highlighting the importance of battling such diseases. This significance will possibly increase with time, as climate change spreads the distribution of disease-carrying mosquitoes in various parts of the world.

Key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Mosquito-borne diseases in the U.S." and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

U.S. overview

West Nile virus

Zika virus

Other diseases

Interesting statistics

In the following 6 chapters, you will quickly find the 40 most important statistics relating to "Mosquito-borne diseases in the U.S.".

Mosquito-borne diseases in the U.S.

Dossier on the topic

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Mosquito-borne diseases in the U.S. - Statistics & Facts

Mosquitoes are one of the deadliest creatures in the world because of the many diseases they can transmit. Mosquito-borne diseases include the Zika virus, dengue, malaria, West Nile virus, chikungunya, yellow fever, and more. Different regions are impacted by different mosquito-borne diseases depending on climate, the types of mosquitoes common in the region, and access to preventative measures and medicine. However, the impact of such diseases remains widespread. In 2018, malaria alone was responsible for around 405,000 deaths worldwide.

In the United States, West Nile virus is the most common mosquito-borne disease, followed by malaria, dengue, and chikungunya. In 2018, there were around 2,647 cases of West Nile, with 217 cases occurring in the state of California. In that same year, West Nile was responsible for 167 deaths. In comparison, in 2016, there were 2,078 cases of malaria in the U.S. Furthermore, there were 171 cases of chikungunya virus in 2019, a large decrease from the 2,811 reported in 2014.

The Zika virus gained international attention in 2015 when an outbreak occurred in Brazil. As a result, the U.S. saw increases in Zika cases and much attention was paid to the disease. However, in 2020 only around 34 percent of adults in the United States stated they were very or somewhat concerned about the Zika virus, with females reporting being slightly more concerned than males. This is most likely due to the fact that provisional data shows that in 2019 there were only 22 cases of Zika virus in the U.S., a huge decrease from 5,168 cases in 2016. In 2019, only 11 U.S. states reported cases of Zika virus, with California reporting the highest number with 4 cases.

Measures to prevent mosquito-borne diseases include vaccination, wearing insect repellant, killing mosquitoes, and isolating infected people from mosquitoes to interrupt the transmission cycle. In 2020, vector-borne disease funding from the National Institutes for Health (NIH) was expected to be 570 million U.S. dollars, highlighting the importance of battling such diseases. This significance will possibly increase with time, as climate change spreads the distribution of disease-carrying mosquitoes in various parts of the world.

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