Mosquitoes are one of the deadliest creatures in the world because of the many diseases they can transmit. Mosquito-borne diseases include the Zika virus, dengue, malaria, West Nile virus, chikungunya, yellow fever, and more. Different regions are impacted by different mosquito-borne diseases depending on climate, the types of mosquitoes common in the region, and access to preventative measures and medicine. However, the impact of such diseases remains widespread. In 2017, malaria alone was responsible for around 435,000 deaths worldwide.
The Zika virus gained international attention in 2015 when an outbreak occurred in Brazil. Since then, the U.S. has also seen increases in Zika cases and much attention has been paid to the disease. In the period from January 2015 to January 2018, the state of New York reported over one thousand cases of the Zika virus, all travel associated. During this period, Florida and Texas were the only states to report Zika virus cases that were presumed to be acquired through local mosquito-borne transmission. Despite the attention around the Zika virus, around 47 percent of U.S. adults in 2017 stated they had little knowledge of the Zika virus.
Measures to prevent mosquito-borne diseases include vaccination, wearing insect repellant, killing mosquitoes, and isolating infected people from mosquitoes to interrupt the transmission cycle. In 2019, vector-borne disease funding from the National Institutes for Health (NIH) was expected to reach 663 million U.S. dollars, highlighting the importance of battling such diseases. This significance will possibly increase with time, as climate change spreads the distribution of disease-carrying mosquitoes in various parts of the world.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 33 most important statistics relating to "Mosquito-borne diseases in the U.S.".