Malaria - Statistics & Facts

Published by John Elflein, Sep 10, 2018
Malaria is an infectious disease that is spread by female mosquitoes that are infected with Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are transmitted to humans through the bite of these female mosquitoes, causing symptoms such as fever, fatigue, vomiting, and headache. Symptoms usually appear 8 to 25 days after infection and although they may seem mild at first, if not treated, can become more severe and eventually lead to death. Malaria is often associated with poverty and has disproportionately affected poorer and developing countries in Africa. In 2016, the leading 20 countries worldwide based on the number of new malaria cases were all located in Africa. Malaria not only causes the loss of human life in these countries, but is also responsible for great economic loss in the form of decreased work force, increased health care costs and lower rates of tourism.

Malaria remains the most serious of the mosquito-borne diseases with an at-risk population of around 3.4 billion in 2015. However, there has been huge progress in the fight against malaria in recent years. From the years 2000 to 2016 the number of malaria cases worldwide decreased, with even the most susceptible regions reporting a decrease in new cases. Similarly, the number of deaths worldwide from malaria also decreased from 839,000 in the year 2000 to 445,000 in 2016.

Although there is no vaccine against malaria, the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs), indoor residual spraying (IRS) and antimalarial medicines, as well as early diagnosis and treatment, have contributed to the decrease in new malaria cases and deaths worldwide. Research and development of new medicines and vaccines remains strong for malaria, with 35 pharmaceutical products in the R&D pipeline in 2016. Such progress has been made possible through massive funding from various funders of malaria research and development, the two biggest of which, the U.S. National Institute of Health and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, together accounted for almost half of all such funding in 2016.

Interesting statistics

In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 22 most important statistics relating to "Malaria".

Statistics on the topic

Dossier on the topic

All important statistics are prepared by our experts – available for direct download as PPT & PDF!

Important key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Malaria" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.




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