Malaria is an infectious disease that is spread by female mosquitoes that are infected with Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are transmitted to humans through the bite of these female mosquitoes, causing symptoms such as fever, fatigue, vomiting, and headache. Symptoms usually appear 8 to 25 days after infection and although they may seem mild at first, if not treated, can become more severe and eventually lead to death. Malaria is often associated with poverty and has disproportionately affected poorer and developing countries in Africa. In 2017, the leading 20 countries worldwide based on the number of new malaria cases were all located in Africa. Malaria not only causes the loss of human life in these countries, but is also responsible for great economic loss in the form of decreased work force, increased health care costs and lower rates of tourism.
Although there is no vaccine against malaria, the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs), indoor residual spraying (IRS) and antimalarial medicines, as well as early diagnosis and treatment, have contributed to the decrease in new malaria cases and deaths worldwide. Research and development of new medicines and vaccines remains strong for malaria, with 35 pharmaceutical products in the R&D pipeline in 2016. Such progress has been made possible through massive funding from various funders of malaria research and development, the two biggest of which, the U.S. National Institute of Health and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, together accounted for almost half of all such funding in 2017.
This text provides general information. Statista assumes no
liability for the information given being complete or correct.
Due to varying update cycles, statistics can display more up-to-date
data than referenced in the text.
In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 21 most important statistics relating to "Malaria".