Health care in Turkey - Statistics and Facts

Given its status as an emerging economy, expenditure on health in Turkey per capita is low compared to the developed European nations. Additionally, spending on healthcare as a percentage of GDP in 2016 in Turkey was below a lot of other countries. Despite this, in 2018 only 16 percent of Turkish citizens rated their healthcare as poor, showing a much higher approval rating than half of the countries involved in the survey.

Healthcare expenditure in Turkey as a proportion of GDP was 4.6 percent in 2016, though this has mostly decreased since 2009. The number of inpatient institutions in Turkey was 1,510 in 2016. While this was a slight reduction from 2015, the general trend over the preceding ten years shows a rise in the number of hospitals in the country. In 2016 there were almost 133 thousand hospital beds in public institutions, which has gone up year-on-year since 2000. In 2016 there were almost 145 thousand healthcare physicians employed in the country, again this figure has been expanding annually. In Turkey, as of 2016, there is now on average 551 citizens per physician and 522 citizens to each nurse.

The most prevalent health problem in adults for both genders in Turkey is lower back disorders, which includes issues such as lumbago and herniated discs. The majority of health problems in Turkey affected a greater proportion of women than men. The number one cause of death in Turkey is circulatory diseases, accounting for over 160 thousand deaths in 2017. Related to this, over 50 percent of men and women are classed as overweight or obese, which is seen as a cause of circulatory problems. Over two-fifths of children up to six years old suffered from a form of upper respiratory tract infection in 2016, while in the same year dental problems affected almost a quarter of children aged between seven and fourteen.

Approximately 70 percent of Turks consult with a physician at least once a year, while over 40 percent of women see an obstetrician or a gynecologist on a yearly basis or more frequently. On their most recent patient experience, 73 percent of Turkish people believed they were cared for with dignity and respect throughout the duration of their treatment, while 46 percent of Turks believed the best care possible was administered to them as a patient.

Advances in technology mean that digital healthcare is increasing in use around the world. While only 13 percent of Turks have experienced telemedicine, almost 60 percent expressed that they would be willing to try it. As of 2018, less than 10 percent of the Turkish population uses a connected health device to manage their health.

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