Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas. Deforestation and the fossil fuel combustion have close to doubled carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere and reduced pH levels in the oceans - causing acidification. In the UK, it makes up around 80 percent of total emissions. Methane is an even more potent greenhouse gas, naturally formed by decomposition of organisms and the main component of natural gas. The volume of methane emitted decreased to 51.05 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2018.
Regarding output of different industries, the transport sector is the main contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. It is the only sector, next to energy supply, where emissions still exceed 100 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent.
Following government incentives, carbon dioxide emissions are projected to fall to 285 million metric tons by 2035, of which 75 million metric tons would be emitted from industries.