On 20 December 1991, the first computers in Poland were connected to the internet. They were located in Warsaw, Kraków, Toruń, and Katowice. Since then, the Polish internet has been continually developing, catching up with European Union countries.
In 2021, 92 percent of households had access to the internet, most often with mobile access on a smartphone. Connecting to the internet in Poland is still diversified and depends on the type of household, the size of the place of residence, and the degree of urbanization of the area. Thus, accessing the network is more often available to families with children, people living in cities and urban areas, and having a higher education.
To connect to the network, most families use mobile devices. Chrome was the most popular browser in the Polish internet market. However, some people still do not see the reason for using the internet. No need for having access to the internet at home was the most common reason given by households. Other reasons were: a lack of skills and too high costs (equipment and subscription fees). The lack of connection is also caused by reluctance to use the internet as such.
The internet in Poland is used for various purposes. Most internet users use social media, make online purchases or online payments. The interest in downloading free video and audio content is decreasing. This may be associated with increased data transmission speed and content availability in streaming form, e.g., Netflix and Spotify. As a result, the percentage of internet users subscribing to video-on-demand services reached over 51 percent in 2020.
The popularity of mobile internet also increased. It is expected that in 2027 the number of mobile phone users in Poland will reach over 31 million. The percentage of people connecting to the network via mobile devices is already higher than the rate of people using PCs. While accessing the internet, most mobile internet users used mobile phones or smartphones, while a significant minority used a tablet or smart TV.
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