A little over a decade old, green bonds, also called climate bonds, are an example that investors are interested in sustainability. In 2018, Europe ranked third after North America and Asia by volume of green bonds, with bonds issued by developed green bond market countries valued at a total of 47.4 billion U.S. dollars. In 2019, European debut issuers only released green bonds worth over 35.6 billion U.S. dollars.
Bonds are debt securities, which means that an investor temporarily lends money to a bond issuer. In return, the investor receives interest income. What makes green bonds different from ordinary bonds is that proceeds from green bonds go to environmental projects. These might include investments in new or existing projects on clean energy, energy efficiency, sustainable waste management, sustainable land use, efficient buildings, clean transportation, sustainable water management, or climate change adaptation.
While green bonds are usually sold over the counter, many stock exchanges in Europe also list green bonds with the Luxemburg stock exchange ranking first with green bonds valued at almost 20 billion U.S. dollars listed in 2019. The Lyxor Green Bond (DR) UCITS ETF is an exchange-traded fund that includes a collection of green bonds tracking the Solactive Green Bond EUR USD IG Index performance.