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Agriculture in Morocco- statistics and facts

In Morocco, land for crop production reaches an area of 7.5 million hectares. In addition to this, some land is permanently reserved for crops, extending to over 1.5 million hectares. There is also area used as permanent meadows and pastures, covering 21 million hectares. Moreover, the agriculture, forestry, and fishing sector contributed 11.38 percent to the country's GDP in 2019, which was higher compared to other countries in North Africa. Agricultural products are means of subsistence in Morocco. However, in 2020, household expenses on products from this sector were reduced in the face of socio-economic impacts of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.



Production

In early 2021, it was reported that the prices of cooking oil in Morocco, which is one of the essential ingredients in the country's delicacies, increased abruptly to the dismay of the public. During the 2018/2019 crop season, 145 thousand metric tons of olive oil were produced in the country, while around 1.9 million olives were produced in 2019. Other crops produced in Morocco include cereals, fruits, and roots and tubers, reaching an approximate volume of 5.3 million, 6.38 million, and 1.97 million metric tons in 2019, respectively. Cereal crops, for instance, were produced over an area of roughly 4.7 million hectares in 2018.
Regarding livestock production, chickens produced in Morocco amounted to a total of 208.63 thousand heads in 2019, while cattle added up to 3.33 million heads.



International trade

In 2019, agricultural raw materials imported into the country covered 1.6 percent of all merchandise imports in Morocco, while its share of exports stood at one percent. As of the same year, vegetable and animal products imported into the country accumulated a value of 2.64 billion and 691 million U.S. dollars, respectively. Furthermore, fertilizers, which aid farmers in crop production, were exported from Morocco at a value of 2.91 billion U.S. dollars.
Fruits from one of the major components of Moroccan agricultural production. While around 1.3 billion U.S. dollars of fruits and nuts were exported from the country as of 2019, citrus fruits alone were exported at a volume of 522 thousand metric tons during the 2019/2020 marketing year.



Employment

In 2020, employees in the agriculture industry made up 34.1 percent of the total employment in Morocco. In terms of gender variation, male employment in the sector covered 28.2 percent of all male employment in the country, whereas female employees in agriculture reached 53.2 percent of female employment. Overall, as a result of the coronavirus pandemic between 2019 and 2020, 273 thousand jobs in agriculture, forestry, and fishery, were lost in Morocco, the highest count concentrated in rural areas.

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