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Global terrorism index 2019

The statistic shows the top 50 countries ranked by the global terrorism index for 2019. The global terrorism index systematically ranks countries of the world according to their terrorist activity. Afghanistan ranked first on the global terrorism index with a score of 9.6 points, making it the country most affected by terrorism on Earth. In conclusion with the ranking, Afghanistan suffered from the most terrorist attacks in 2018, with 1,294 attacks and the most fatalities from terrorist attacks in 2018, with 9,961.

Additional information on the Global terrorism index

The Global Terrorism Index is an annual ranking produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace. As even the definition of terrorism is hotly debated, it is essential to highlight that the methodologies used to measure terrorism are also contested. The Global Terrorism Index ranks 163 countries on four indicators weighted over five years. These four factors are: the number of terrorist incidents per year, the number of fatalities caused by terrorists per year, the number of injuries caused by terrorists per year, and total property damage caused by terrorism per year.
Terrorism comes in a number of forms from a variety of groups with differing intentions. The recent destruction caused by Islamic State and Boko Haram can help to explain the high rankings of Iraq and Nigeria respectively. The operation of numerous groups alongside or in conflict with Islamic State led to Afghanistan falling victim to the largest number of attacks in 2018. The effect of including this metric in the Global Terrorism Index is the high rankings of Syria and Iraq who were second and third respectively in the most attacks globally for 2018.
On the non-human casualty side of the index, property loss is an important metric as loss of shelter or livelihood has a long lasting impact on those who survive the attack physically unharmed. The high percentage of attacks in advanced economies in the most expensive terrorist attacks by insured property loss demonstrates the limitation of using comparative financial data. Although the insured losses are lower in countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan, this does not suggest the impact of property loss is lower. The instability in these countries often makes insurance unaffordable for most citizens.

Global terrorism index 2019, top 50 countries

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Release date

November 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

Terrorism is the systematic use of terror, especially as a means of coercion. In the international community, however, terrorism has no universally agreed, legally binding, criminal law definition. Common definitions of terrorism refer only to those violent acts which are intended to create fear (terror), are perpetrated for a religious, political or ideological goal, and deliberately target or disregard the safety of non-combatants (civilians).
Figures have been rounded.

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Statistics on "Terrorism"

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