Terrorist attacks by region in 2014

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Number of attacks
Middle East and North Africa5,580
South Asia4,320
Sub-Saharan Africa1,626
Asia-Pacific831
Russia and CIS450
Europe290
South America243
North America21
Central America and Caribbean9
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About This Statistic

The statistic shows the number of terrorist attacks in 2014, by region. That year, South Asia suffered from 4,320 terrorist attacks.


Additional Information on terrorism

The distribution of terrorist attacks reflects the broad threat terrorism poses globally in the 21st Century. Although terrorist organizations that have their genesis in the Middle East and North Africa hold prominence in the media reports of developed countries, groups such as Al Qaeda, the Taliban and Islamic State do not constitute the whole of international terrorism. South Asian countries, particularly India and Pakistan, have fallen victim to terrorist violence in recent years. Moreover, many groups outside the Middle East have formed coalitions with or aligned themselves to organizations such as the Taliban. Examples include the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in the Philippines and Tehrik-i-Taliban in Pakistan.

However, the motivations of terrorist attacks stretch beyond establishing a caliphate or jihad. Ethno-nationalist terrorism is also a prominent issue alongside radical political terrorism such as Maoist attacks in India. Debate still exists over the labeling of certain groups fighting for political or religious reasons as terrorist organizations. This debate is reflected in the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, also known as the PKK, who operate in Iraq and Turkey are considered a terrorist group by the NATO and the European Union but not the United Nations and states such as China and Switzerland.

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