Artificial intelligence (AI), the technology that allows digital computers or computer-controlled robots to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings, has been the subject of people’s imagination for decades. Although human-like androids such as those portrayed in the science fiction movie Blade Runner are still far from reality, applications of AI such as smartphone virtual assistants and industrial robots are already widespread in our society and make our life more convenient. Given AI’s powerful ability to improve efficiency and increase productivity, it is of strategic importance to countries and governments that are competing to get ahead in the AI race. The United States, being the only superpower in the world, is naturally advantaged in this race and has been in the lead.
There is no overlooking China when talking about AI and the U.S. As China has come to challenge the U.S.’s role as the most powerful country in the world, AI, with its strategic importance, has become a hotly contested field between the two countries. The list of largest AI and ML patent owners mentioned earlier, despite testifying to the American supremacy in the field, also bears witness to the incredible rise of Chinese institutions and companies. The Chinese Academy of Sciences is the Chinese institution with the most AI/ML patents, falling just shortly behind Microsoft. A group of other Chinese companies such as the State Grip Corp, Baidu, and Tencent have transformed from newcomers to powerful players in just a few years. As the U.S.-China rivalry keeps unfolding across different dimensions, AI might be the area to look to as many believe it to be where highly consequential contests will take place.
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In the following 6 chapters, you will quickly find the 39 most important statistics relating to "Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the United States".