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Hospitals in Europe - statistics & facts

Hospitals are one of the most vital cornerstones of every modern health system and employ millions of people. Healthcare represented 10% of European countries’ GDP in 2018, from which over a third related to hospital expenditure. Among the European Union Member States, Germany, France, and Sweden had the highest healthcare expenditure relative to GDP in 2018. Despite this, the total number of hospitals in Europe has constantly decreased over the past few decades. Employment in European hospitals has, nonetheless, increased steadily. In 2020, for instance, hospitals in the United Kingdom employed over 1.5 million people, an increase of nearly 130 thousand people compared to 2010.

In 2021, these hospitals provided approximately 4.6 million beds across Europe. The bed density varied greatly from one country to another. In 2020, the number of hospital beds available per 1,000 people was over ten beds in Belarus and over eight in Ukraine or Germany. On the other hand, Sweden or Denmark had less than 2.5 beds available per 1,000 people. However, Germany and Austria were the European countries with the highest rates of intensive care beds per population. Furthermore, in 2018, Germany had by far the most psychiatric care beds in Europe.

The average length of a stay in a hospital in the E.U. (27) stood at a little over a week in 2018. Nonetheless, the average length of stay reached over ten days in Serbia and as low as five days in the Netherlands or Denmark. Bulgaria recorded the highest number of hospital in-patient discharges per 100,000 inhabitants, with just under 35,000 discharges in 2019. Bulgaria notably registered the highest rate of discharges following a circulatory system disease and discharges following a respiratory system disease.

Key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Hospitals in Europe" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Hospital beds

Hospital workforce

Hospital stays

Interesting statistics

In the following 8 chapters, you will quickly find the 42 most important statistics relating to "Hospitals in Europe".

Hospitals in Europe

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Hospitals in Europe - statistics & facts

Hospitals are one of the most vital cornerstones of every modern health system and employ millions of people. Healthcare represented 10% of European countries’ GDP in 2018, from which over a third related to hospital expenditure. Among the European Union Member States, Germany, France, and Sweden had the highest healthcare expenditure relative to GDP in 2018. Despite this, the total number of hospitals in Europe has constantly decreased over the past few decades. Employment in European hospitals has, nonetheless, increased steadily. In 2020, for instance, hospitals in the United Kingdom employed over 1.5 million people, an increase of nearly 130 thousand people compared to 2010.

In 2021, these hospitals provided approximately 4.6 million beds across Europe. The bed density varied greatly from one country to another. In 2020, the number of hospital beds available per 1,000 people was over ten beds in Belarus and over eight in Ukraine or Germany. On the other hand, Sweden or Denmark had less than 2.5 beds available per 1,000 people. However, Germany and Austria were the European countries with the highest rates of intensive care beds per population. Furthermore, in 2018, Germany had by far the most psychiatric care beds in Europe.

The average length of a stay in a hospital in the E.U. (27) stood at a little over a week in 2018. Nonetheless, the average length of stay reached over ten days in Serbia and as low as five days in the Netherlands or Denmark. Bulgaria recorded the highest number of hospital in-patient discharges per 100,000 inhabitants, with just under 35,000 discharges in 2019. Bulgaria notably registered the highest rate of discharges following a circulatory system disease and discharges following a respiratory system disease.

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