Number of slaves owned by U.S. presidents 1789-1877

Reported number of slaves owned by U.S. presidents who served from 1789 to 1877

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Release date

June 2020


United States

Survey time period

1789 to 1877

Supplementary notes

*Number of slaves owned at time of death. Washington personally owned 123 slaves, although there were as many as 317 working on his property at the time of his death.

**Buchanan is believed to have bought slaves, whom he immediately freed and employed as servants.

This data was compiled from and cross referenced with a variety of sources, including;,,,,, and 10News, as well as articles from Encyclopædia Britannica relating to individual presidents and slavery.

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