Previous roles and professions of U.S. presidents 1789-2021

Number of U.S. presidents who held select professions or government roles before taking office between 1789 and 2021

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Release date



United States

Survey time period

1789 to 2021

Supplementary notes

*Includes George Washington, who had served in an equal capacity as the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, and was promoted posthumously to the rank of General of the Armies in 1976.

** Includes Governor-General of the Philippines held as a position by William Howard Taft from 1901 to 1903.
>br> This data was compiled from a variety of sources, the majority came from the linked source, information on military backgrounds came from the US Department of Veteran Affairs.

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