Number of foreign languages spoken by U.S. presidents 1789-2021

Number of non-English languages spoken, either fluently or partially, by all U.S. presidents elected between 1789 and 2021

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Release date



United States

Survey time period

1789 to 2021

Supplementary notes

*Martin Van Buren's first language was Dutch. He spoke fluent English.

Proficiency and fluency in languages is a subjective topic; the sources used claim varying levels of proficiency or fluency for each president. For the purposes of displaying this data, cases where the presidents appeared to be fluent in a given language have been given a value of 1, while cases where presidents had partial knowledge or their proficiency level is unclear have been given a value of 0.5.

This data was compiled from and cross-referenced with multiple sources, most notably; World Atlas, Business Insider,, and

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