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Alabama's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1820-2020

The U.S. presidential election has been contested in Alabama on 50 occasions since 1820, and Alabama has successfully voted for the winning candidate in 26 of these elections, giving an overall success rate of 52 percent. The Democratic nominee has won the state 31 times, although Alabama has been a safe, Republican "red state" since Ronald Reagan's victory in 1980, and Donald Trump carried Alabama by a comfortable margin in the 2020 election. Since being admitted to the union in 1819, Alabama's number of electoral college votes grew from just three in 1820, to twelve in the 1910s and 1920s; due to changing population distribution across the U.S., Alabama has had nine electoral votes in each U.S. presidential election since 1972, however this is expected to drop to just eight following the most recent U.S. census.

Conservative tendencies

Throughout history, Alabama has generally voted for the more conservative option of the major parties in presidential elections. Notable exceptions to this trend were in 1948 and 1968, where Alabama voted for the segregationist, third party candidates Strom Thurmond and George Wallace respectively. Examples where Alabama did not vote conservative were during the Reconstruction era following the American Civil War, where black suffrage and widespread disenfranchisement among white voters led to back-to-back victories for Ulysses S. Grant, in 1868 and 1872 (Alabama did not take part in the 1864 election as it had seceded from the union at this time). As with most former-Confederate states, Alabama was a Democratic stronghold until the 1960s, where Lyndon B. Johnson's civil rights policies eventually turned the state against the party; the only time Alabama has voted Democrat since then was in the 1976 election, where the Jimmy Carter carried his native south as he defeated Nixon's successor, Gerald R. Ford.

Alabamian contenders

As of 2020, no U.S. president or major party candidate has had Alabama as their home state, while former governor George Wallace is the only native Alabamian to have won a significant number of electoral votes for a third party in a U.S. presidential election.

Number of electoral votes from Alabama designated to each party's candidate in U.S. presidential elections from 1820 to 2020

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Source

Release date

2020

Region

United States (Alabama)

Survey time period

1820 to 2020

Supplementary notes

*Overall winner.

**Provisional entry; subject to change following the meeting of electors on December 14.

***One faithless elector cast his vote for a local judge, as a protest to Stevenson's liberal attitudes to civil rights.

****Six unpledged electors voted for the Democratic non-candidate Harry F. Byrd, instead of Democratic nominee John F. Kennedy. The five pledged electors all voted for their pledged Democratic candidate, John F. Kennedy.

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Statistics on "2020 Presidential Election"

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