Share of wage and salary workers in the United States paid hourly rates at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage from 1979 to 2016

Share of U.S. workers paid minimum wage or less 1979-2016 This statistic displays the share of wage and salary workers in the United States paid hourly rates at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage from 1979 to 2016. In 2016, 2.7 percent of workers were paid hourly rates at the official minimum wage.
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Share of workers
197913.4%
198015.1%
198115.1%
198212.8%
198312.2%
198411%
19859.9%
19868.8%
19877.9%
19886.5%
19895.1%
19905.1%
19918.4%
19927.7%
19936.7%
19946.2%
19955.3%
19965.4%
19976.7%
19986.2%
19994.6%
20003.6%
20013%
20023%
20032.9%
20042.7%
20052.5%
20062.2%
20072.3%
20083%
20094.9%
20106%
20115.2%
20124.7%
20134.3%
20143.9%
20153.3%
20162.7%
Share of workers
197913.4%
198015.1%
198115.1%
198212.8%
198312.2%
198411%
19859.9%
19868.8%
19877.9%
19886.5%
19895.1%
19905.1%
19918.4%
19927.7%
19936.7%
19946.2%
19955.3%
19965.4%
19976.7%
19986.2%
19994.6%
20003.6%
20013%
20023%
20032.9%
20042.7%
20052.5%
20062.2%
20072.3%
20083%
20094.9%
20106%
20115.2%
20124.7%
20134.3%
20143.9%
20153.3%
20162.7%
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Description Source More information
This statistic displays the share of wage and salary workers in the United States paid hourly rates at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage from 1979 to 2016. In 2016, 2.7 percent of workers were paid hourly rates at the official minimum wage.
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Release date
August 2017
Region
United States
Survey time period
1979 to 2016
Age group
16 years and older
Supplementary notes
The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $2.90 in 1979, $3.10 in 1980, and $3.35 in 1981–89. The minimum wage rose to $3.80 in April 1990, to $4.25 in April 1991, to $4.75 in October 1996, to $5.15 in September 1997, to $5.85 in July 2007, to $6.55 in July 2008, and to $7.25 in July 2009.

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