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Wage and salary workers in the U.S. paid less than minimum wage 1979-2020, by gender

Number of workers paid hourly rates below the federal minimum wage in the United States from 1979 to 2020, by gender

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Sources

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Release date

September 2021

Region

United States

Survey time period

1979 to 2020

Age group

16 years and over

Supplementary notes

The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $2.90 in 1979, $3.10 in 1980, and $3.35 in 1981–89. The minimum wage rose to $3.80 in April 1990, to $4.25 in April 1991, to $4.75 in October 1996, to $5.15 in September 1997, to $5.85 in July 2007, to $6.55 in July 2008, and to $7.25 in July 2009. The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2020.

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Statistics on Minimum Wage in the United States

Minimum wage rates

3

Minimum wage workforce

8

Low wage employment

5

Further related statistics

18

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